About Mauritius

Crystal-clear waters, splendid white beaches and luxurious ressorts – these are usually the things associated with Mauritius. Far away from the world’s major markets and sources, the island nation in the Indian Ocean seems more of a touristic center of recreation than an international business hub. However, in recent years, Mauritius has come a long way in implementing its vision: transforming the island into a regional hub for information and communication technology (ICT).

Fast Facts:
The greatest importance has the sugar industry which can be clearly recognized while travelling over the country.The textile industry and the tourism are growing rapidly and are becoming more and more important for the economic development and the employment of the Mauritian.


Geographic Location:
Mauritius is a mountainous sub-tropical island in the Indian Ocean, with an area of 1,865 sq km. The Republic of Mauritius also includes the island of Rodrigues, 560km east of the principal island, and several much smaller islands. Mauritius lies some 800km to the east of Madagascar. The capital, Port Louis, is in the north west of the island.

Area:
1,865 sq km.

Population:
1,274,189 million.

Capital City:
Port Louis.

People:
Hinduism (52%); Christianity (28%); Islam (17%).

Language:
The official language of Mauritius is English. A large number of people can therefore understand and speak it. The main language of the island however is Creole which is based on French. In addition the different ethnic groups speak such languages as Chinese and Hindi.
Religion:
Hindus make up 52%, Roman Catholic 28.4%, and Muslim 16.6% while other unspecified religions up to 3%. There is supposedly a significant migrant population of Bhumihar Brahmins in Mauritius who have made a mark for themselves in different fields.[26] Churches and Dravidian Tamil pagodas and temples are found in large numbers.

Government:
Mauritius has the status of an independent republic with a democratic regime based on the Westminster model. The main political parties adopt a modern socialism ideology, that is a free economic mechanism with important state intervention as regards to a soft re-distribution of wealth.

Weather:
Mauritius has a tropical climate with more rain in summer than in winter. Generally hot (27 to 37 °C in summer) and very humid (above 80 %) with a highPopulation rainfall, Mauritius has microclimates; the high grounds are cooler (av. 22oC) and much wetter (5,000 mm / year)

Main Holidays:

New Year*, Thaipoosam Cavadee.*, Abolition of Slavery Day **, Chinese New Year *, MahaShivaratri.*, Apr Ougadi.*, National Day.*, Labour Day.*, Ganesh Chathurthi.*, Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan).Day* i# All Saints' Day.* First Labourers' Day.Deepaval ,Christmas.

Economic Profile:
Mauritius enjoys a stable and relatively sound economy. But with the decline of its traditional textile and sugar industries, the Government is pushing for diversification of the economy into areas such as IT, business outsourcing (call centres) and seafood.

Currency:
They use the Mauritian rupee. Currency rate is EURO 1.00 = 43.10 rupees. Mauritian rupees do not circulate outside Mauritius so that you can only change money on the island.EURO/GBP or US$ travellers cheques and cash can be changed in the banks.

Banking Hours:
Most states: Monday- Friday: 9.30 am to 4.30 pm. Saturday & Sunday: Closed (Some banks and its branches are opened Saturdays). Kelantan & Terengganu: Sunday - Wednesday :9.30 am to 4.30 pm. Thursday :9.30 am to 4.00 pm. Friday/Saturday*/Public holiday: Closed

Electricity:
The power supply is 240 volts and the power sockets use the british 3 pin standard. If you bring electrical appliances with you then you will probably need an adapto.

Measurement and Weight:
Mauritius follows the metric system for weight and measurement.

Telephone:
Mauritius now has a mobile telephone network which conforms to the international GSM standard. Roaming contracts exist with the UK, France and Germany and Mauritius Telecom is actively working to have contracts with the other countries. If you own one of these telephones why not bring it with you.

Accommodation:
Mauritius has a wide range of accommodation at competitive rates. International standard hotels, medium and budget hotels, youth hostels are just some of the types of accommodation available.

Transportation:

The only available means of inland public transport, so far, are via taxi cabs and buses Transport in Mauritius has been free since July 2005 for students, the disabled and seniors. Transport has always been problematic around Port-Louis, the capital city, due to severe traffic jams. These are caused by both a lack of planning, and tolerance of hawkers flooding the pavements and streets of the capital.


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